Oil and Natural Gas Programs
Oil is the lifeblood of America's economy. Currently, it supplies more than 40% of our total energy demands and more than 99% of the fuel we use in our cars and trucks. DOE's Office of Fossil Energy focuses on two important concerns over oil - an immediate readiness to respond to oil supply disruptions and keeping America's oil fields producing in the future. One way to prevent an oil supply disruption is to ensure our domestic production of oil is maintained. Remaining U.S. oil fields are becoming increasingly costly to produce because much of the easy-to-find oil has already been recovered. Yet, for every barrel of oil that flows from U.S. fields, nearly two barrels remain in the ground. Better technology is needed to find and produce much of this "left-behind" oil, and DOE's Fossil Energy program is developing new exploration, drilling, and production processes that can keep U.S. oil fields producing well into the future while protecting the environment.
Natural gas is a vital contributor to a diverse, well-balanced U.S. energy portfolio. Today, natural gas is the second largest source of energy in the U.S. next to oil, accounting for 24% of all energy consumed. Today, 900 of the next 1,000 U.S. power plants will use natural gas. Domestically produced and readily available to end-users through the existing utility infrastructure, natural gas has also become increasingly popular as an alternative transportation fuel. Over the long term, the nation must ensure that natural gas supplies keep pace with growing demand, and that adequate infrastructure is in place to bring supplies to regional demand areas.
The Office of Fossil Energy invests in research and development of technologies in the areas of natural gas and petroleum supply, delivery reliability, utilization, and environmental protection. Through the Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil, DOE works with industry to develop policies and technologies to support continued supplies of clean, affordable energy from conventional and unconventional natural gas and petroleum resources.
The following are examples of oil and gas related programs with relevance to the Climate VISION program:
Page Last Modified: August 7, 2008